The Center for Field Research (CFR) reviews and recommends proposals for support by Earthwatch Institute . Earthwatch Institute sponsors field studies worldwide by scholars working to investigate and/or conserve the Earth's physical, biological, and cultural heritage. Interested scholars should submit to CFR a two-page description of planned research and field methods including dates, budget, and plans for the use of Earthwatch Institute volunteers as field assistants. If funding for the proposed research is deemed appropriate, a more detailed full proposal will be invited for peer review. Earthwatch Institute and The Center for Field Research are not-for-profit organizations. The 1987 program was distributed as follows among the Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. We are pleased to announce that the following projects were approved for Earthwatch Institute support in fiscal year 1987.
Dr. Sara E. Bennett, Associate Professor, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia · Dr. Thomas R. Defler, Associate Professor (same institution). Evolutionary Ecology of Avian and Primate Seed Dispersal in an Amazonian Rainforest, Colombia.
Dr. Martin L. Cody, Professor of Biology, University of California at Los Angeles. Ecological Biogeography of Plants on Islands, British Columbia, Canada.
Dr. John R. Conway, III, Associate Professor of Biology, University of Scranton. Biology of the Honey Ants of the Australian Outback, Australia.
Dr. D. Carl Freeman, Associate Professor of Biology, Wayne State University. Density-dependent Studies of Desert Perennials and Testing the "Interaction Assessment Technique", Utah.
Peter R. Guy, Wildlife Biologist, Moneco Consultants Limited, Canada. The Value of Satellite Photography in the Assessment of Changes of the Vegetation Induced by Elephants and Fire, Zimbabwe.
Dr. David Malcolm Harper, Lecturer in Ecology, University of Leicester, England. Ecology and Conservation of Lake Naivasha and Hell's Gate National Park, Kenya.
Dr. David W. Inouye, Associate Professor of Zoology, University of Maryland. Rocky Mountain Plants and Pollinators, Colorado.
Dr. Frank W. Judd, Professor of Biology and Director, Coastal Studies Laboratory, Pan American University. Reproductive Biology of the Texas Tortoise, Texas.
Dr. David C. Paton, Senior Teaching Fellow in Zoology, University of Adelaide, Australia. Pollination by Birds in South Australia.
Dr. Charles W. Slaughter, Principal Watershed Scientist, Institute of Northern Forestry, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Alaska. Permafrost-Environment Watershed Systems and Resource Management Practices in Alaska's Taiga.
Dr. Michael E. Soulé, Adjunct Professor of Natural Resources, University of Michigan and President, Society for Conservation Biology · Dr. Lynn Maguire, Assistant Professor of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Duke University · Dr. Carl C. Biehl, Research Associate, Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, Colorado. Long-term Ecological Studies of the Subalpine Meadow Ecosystem, Colorado.
Dr. C. Richard Tracy, Professor of Zoology, Colorado State University. Thermoregulation by Chuckwalla Lizards on a Lava Flow in the Mojave Desert, California.
Inventory and Monitoring
Dr. James D. Lazell, President, The Conservation Agency. Wildlife Conservation in Tropical Habitats, China.
Dr. David A. Nickle, Research Entomologist, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution · James L. Castner, Doctoral Candidate in Entomology, University of Florida · Jacqueline J. Belwood, Doctoral Candidate in Entomology, University of Florida. Biology, Ecology, and Taxonomy of Neotropical Katydids, Peru.
Kenneth C. Balcomb, Research Biologist, Center for Whale Research, Washington. Long-term Studies of Killer Whale (Orcinus Orca) Pods in Puget Sound, Washington.
Adam Frankel, Masters Candidate, University of Hawaii at Manoa · Dr. Louis M. Herman, Director, Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Laboratory and Professor of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa. A Study of Humpback Whales' Responses to Sound Playback, Hawaii.
Dr. Louis M. Herman, Director, Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Laboratory and Professor of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa · Dr. James P. Wolz, Research Associate, Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Laboratory. Language Comprehension in Bottlenose Dolphins, Hawaii.
Dr. Randall S. Wells, Assistant Research Biologist and Coordinator, Long Marine Laboratory Dolphin Research Facility, University of California, Santa Cruz. Population Biology and Behavior of Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins, Florida.
Dr. Randall S. Wells, Assistant Research Biologist and Coordinator, Long Marine Laboratory Dolphin Research Facility, University of California, Santa Cruz · Dr. Steven L. Swartz, Assistant Research Biologist (same institution). Radiotelemetric Study of Rorqual Whales in Monterey Bay, California.
Dr. Bernd Wursig, Associate Professor of Marine Science, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, California · Frank Cipriano, Doctoral Candidate in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona. Foraging Behavior and Ecology of Dusky Dolphins in New Zealand.
Dr. David B. Croft, Senior Lecturer in Zoology, University of New South Wales, Australia. Behavioral Ecology of Arid Zone Kangaroos, Australia.
Dr. Terence J. Dawson, Professor and Head of Zoology, University of New South Wales, Australia. Physiology and Behavior of Arid Zone Kangaroos, Australia.
Dr. Francesco Francisci, Wildlife Biologist, National Institute for Game Biology, Italy · Dr. Luigi Boitani, Researcher in Animal and Human Biology, University of Rome, Italy. Biology of Feral Dogs and Wolves in Italy.
Dr. Biruté M. F. Galdikas, Director and Founder, Orangutan Research and Conservation Center, Indonesia. Long-term Research on Wild Orangutans at Tanjung Puting National Park, Indonesia.
Dr. Kenneth E. Glander, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Duke University · Dr. Margaret E. Clarke, Adjunct Professor of Anthropology, Tulane University. Howling Monkeys: A Long-term Study of Ecology and Behavior, Costa Rica.
Dr. G. Roy Horst, Associate Professor of Biology, State University of New York at Potsdam. Altitudinal Adaptation and Distribution of the Mongoose on Hawaii; and Population Dynamics of Feral Mongoose, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Dr. Roger A. Powell, Associate Professor of Biology, North Carolina State University. Black Bear Social Organization in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Territoriality and Habitat Productivity, North Carolina.
Dr. William L. Robinson, Professor of Biology, Northern Michigan University · Daniel J. Groebner, Instructor, Vermillion Community College. Activity Patterns, Movement Rates and Home Range Use of the Timber Wolf, Wisconsin.
Dr. Robert G. White, Professor of Zoophysiology and Nutrition, University of Alaska · Dr. Katherine L. Parker, Visiting Assistant Professor of Wildlife, University of Alaska. Nutritional Effects on Lactation, Nursing Behavior and Breeding Success of Muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus), Alaska.
J. Robert Young, Research Biologist, Vanier College, Canada. Population Ecology of the St. Kitts Vervet, West Indies.
Dr. Raymond T. Bauer, Research Associate Professor, Center for Crustacean Research and Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Biology, University of Southwestern Louisiana. Relationship Between Diet and Feeding Morphology in Decapod Shrimps, Louisiana.
Dr. Barbara A. Best, Research Associate, Duke University · JoAnn Resing, Graduate Research Fellow, Australian Institute of Marine Science. Larval Dispersal by Corals in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
Robert L. Brandner, Co-Director, Field Operations, St. Croix Leatherback Recovery Team, U.S.V.I. Department of Fish & Wildlife · Susan J. Basford, Co-Director, Field Operations, St. Croix Leatherback Recovery Team (same institution). Breeding Biology of the Leatherback Sea Turtle, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Dr. Jaime A. Collazo, Wildlife Biologist, Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuges, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service · Ralf Boulon, Endangered Species Coordinator, U.S.V.I. Division of Fish and Wildlife. Sea Turtle Habitat Assessment, Puerto Rico.
Dr. James K. Dooley, Associate Professor of Biology, Adelphi University · James L. Van Tassell, Field Associate, American Museum of Natural History. Homing Behavior and Habitat Selection of Intertidal Fishes, Canary Islands.
Sean Furniss, Refuge Manager, Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuges, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Puerto Rico · Tony Tucker, Field Research Coordinator, Georgia Marine Turtle Cooperative Research and Education. Endangered Caribbean Turtles, Puerto Rico.
Dr. Mark Hixon, Assistant Professor of Zoology, Oregon State University · David J. Booth, Doctoral Candidate in Zoology (same institution). Determinants of Territory Areas in Coral-Reef Damselfish, Hawaii.
Dr. Richard W. Langton, Marine Resource Scientist, Maine Department of Marine Resources. Technicians' Pool for Labor Intensive Projects, Maine.
John F. Morrissey, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Marine Science, University of Miami, Florida · Dr. Samuel H. Gruber, Professor, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami. A Telemetric Study of the Behavior of the Lemon Shark in Bimini Lagoon, Bahamas.
Dr. Margaret A. O'Donnell, Professor of Zoology, University of Sydney, Australia. Baby Worms and Barnacles in the Intertidal Zone, Australia.
Dr. Abby L. Schwarz, Independent Consultant, Canada · Dr. Jerry F. Downhower, Associate Professor of Zoology, Ohio State University. Sex Reversal, Social Organization and Parental Care in an Australian Damselfish, Dascyllus reticulatus, Australia.
Dr. Peter G. Connors, Assistant Research Ecologist, Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley. Wintering Shorebirds and Local Food Resources in Northern California.
Dr. Stephen J. J. F. Davies, Director, Royal Austalasian Ornithologist Union (RAOU), Australia · Brett A. Lane, Wader Studies Coordinator (same institution). Wader Migration Routes in Australia.
Dr. Robert W. Furness, Lecturer in Zoology, University of Glasgow, Scotland. Influence of Eagles and Other Predators on Shearwater Populations on the Isle of Rhum, Scotland.
Dr. Michael E. Moser, Development Director, British Trust for Ornithology. Sawbills in Britain, Wales and Scotland.
Dr. Myrfyn Owen, Assistant Director of Research, The Wildfowl Trust, England. Body Condition and Breeding Performance in the Barnacle Goose, Norway and Scotland.
Dr. William R. Willis, Professor of Physics, Northern Arizona University. Aerodynamic Parameters of Gannets (Sula serrator), New Zealand.
Dr. William C. Burnett, Associate Professor of Oceanography, Florida State University · Dr. W. Berry Lyons, Adjunct Faculty Member, University of Maine. Geochemistry of the Marine Lakes of Palau, Micronesia.
Dr. Rhodes W. Fairbridge, Professor Emeritus of Geology, Columbia University. Paleoclimate Studies and the Rise in Atmospheric CO2, Canada.
Dr. Geoff C. Brown, Professor of Earth Sciences, The Open University, England · Dr. Hazel Rymer, Research Fellow in Earth Sciences (same institution). Physical Volcanology of Askja and Thingvellir, Iceland.
Dr. David R. Kobluk, Associate Professor of Geology, University of Toronto, Canada. Ecology and Geology of Shallow Water Reef Cavities, Fiji; and Coral Reef Population Census, Population Dynamics, and Interactive Coral Reef Simulation Modeling, Netherlands Antilles.
Dr. William W. Locke, Assistant Professor of Geology, Montana State University. Holocene Volcano-tectonic Deformation in the Yellowstone Lake Basin, Wyoming.
Dr. William G. Melson, Curator, Division of Petrology and Volcanology, Smithsonian Institution · Dr. Victoria A. Funk, Curator, Department of Botany (same institution). Volcanology and Birth of a Tropical Forest: Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica.
Dr. Steven W. Mitchell, Associate Professor of Geology, California State College at Bakersfield · Dr. William F. Keegan, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of South Carolina. Geology of the Columbus Landfall Sites, Bahamas.
Dr. Hazel Rymer, Research Fellow, The Open University, England · Dr. Geoff C. Brown, Professor of Earth Sciences (same institution). Physical Volcanology and Geothermal Prospecting at Rincon de la Viega Volcano, Costa Rica.
Dr. Martin J. Sharp, Assistant Lecturer in Geography, University of Cambridge, England. Hydrological Context and Geomorphic Significance of Short-term Motion Events in Glaciers, Norway.
Dr. Thomas C. Royer, Professor of Marine Science, University of Alaska. Gulf of Alaska Recirculation Study, Alaska.
Dr. Larry D. Agenbroad, Professor of Geology, Northern Arizona University. Excavations at the Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota.
Dr. George Callison, Professor of Biology, California State University. Fossils of the Fruita Paleontological Area, Colorado.
Dr. David C. Christophel, Senior Lecturer in Botany, University of Adelaide, Australia. Three-dimensional Mapping of Fossil Leaf Deposits, Southern Australia.
Dr. George F. Engelmann, Associate Professor of Geology, University of Nebraska at Omaha. Collecting Small Fossil Vertebrates from the Jurassic Morrison Formation, Dinosaur National Monument, Utah.
Dr. Howard Feldman, Assistant Professor of Biology, Touro College. A Systematic Study of Jurassic Brachiopods from the Middle Eastern Ethiopian Province, Israel.
Dr. Wade E. Miller, Professor of Paleontology and Chair, Department of Geology, Brigham Young University · Oscar Carranza Caste?eda, Instructor in Biology, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Paleontological Study of Late Miocene to Early Pliocene Vertebrate Fossil Localities in Central Mexico.
Dr. Thomas H. Rich, Curator of Paleontology, Museum of Victoria, Australia · Dr. Patricia V. Rich, Senior Lecturer in Earth Sciences and Zoology, Monash University, Australia. Mesozoic Fossil Vertebrates of Dinosaur Cove, Australia.
Dr. Michael H. Crawford, Professor of Anthropology, University of Kansas · Dr. Tibor Koertvelyessy, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Ohio University · Dr. Miklos Pap, Director, Human Biology Division, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Kossuth University, Hungary. Historical Demography and Population Structure in Rural Villages of N.E. Hungary: Tiszahat, Hungary.
Dr. E. Charles Adams, Associate Curator of Archaeology and Director, Homol'ovi Research Program, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona · Richard Lange, Associate Director, Homol'ovi Research Profram. Immigration and Aggregation: The Dynamics of the Settlement of Homol'ovi IV and the Central Little Colorado River Valley, Arizona.
Dr. Marvin J. Allison, Professor of Anthropology, University of Tarapacá, Chile. Reconstructing South Central Andean Prehistory, Chile.
Dr. Emmanuel Anati, Professor of Paleoethnology, Lecce University, Italy · Dr. Mila Simoes de Abreu, Research Associate, Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici, Italy · Ludwig Jaffe, Research Associate, (same institution). Camunian Rock Engravings, Italy.
Martin Biddle, Director, Winchester Research Unit, University of Cambridge, England · Birthe Kj¿lbye-Biddle, Research Coordinator (same institution) · Dr. Harold M. Taylor, Architectural Historian (same institution). Anglo-Saxon and Viking Repton: Excavation of the Church at St. Wystan, England.
Dr. Robson Bonnichsen, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Director, Center for the Study of Early Man, University of Maine at Orono. Ice Age Peoples of Southwestern Montana.
Dr. Robert J. Bull, Director, Institute of Archaeological Research, Drew University. Caesarea Maritima: The Search for Herod's City, Israel.
Dr. John R. Collis, Reader in Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield, England. Excavation and Survey of Iron Age Sites in the Auvergne, France.
Dr. Farouk El-Baz, Director, Center for Remote Sensing, Boston University · Robert Cameron, President, R.E. Cameron & Associates, Massachusetts. Topographical Survey of the Valley of the Queens, Egypt.
Dr. William L. Fash, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Northern Illinois University. Archaeology and Iconography at Copan, Honduras.
Dr. Richard A. Gould, Professor of Anthropology, Brown University. The Archaeology of Empire: The Royal Navy Dockyard and Fortifications, Bermuda.
Dr. Faith Harrington, Historic Sites Archaeologist, New Hampshire Historical Society. Maritime Archaeology at the Isles of Shoals, New Hampshire.
Dr. Richard J. Harrison, Lecturer in Archaeology, University of Bristol, U.K. Paleoeconomy of a Bronze Age Metal-Using Society, Spain.
Paul F. Hundley, Research Officer, Western Australian Maritime Museum. Survey of a 19th Century Shipwreck, the "Edwin Fox", New Zealand.
Dr. E. Ann F. Kendall, Lecturer, Institute of Archaeology, University of London, England. The Cusichaca Project, Peru.
Dr. Hiro Kurashina, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam · Dr. Rebecca A. Stephenson, Associate Professor of Anthropology (same institution). Mapping and Stabilizing Ancient Polynesian Monuments, Rarotonga, Cook Islands.
J. Jefferson MacKinnon, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Lakeland College. Point Placencia Archaeological Project: The Ecology, Economy and Role of Coastal Areas in the Development of Maya Society, Belize.
Dr. Margaret G. H. Mac Lean, Independent Consultant. Machu Picchu Sanctuary Documentation Project, Peru.
Dr. Clark Maines, Associate Professor of Art History and Medieval Studies, Wesleyan University · Dr. Sheila Bonde, Assistant Professor of Art History, Brown University. Reconstructing the Abbey of Saint-Jean-des-Vignes, Soissons, France.
Dr. Roger Martlew, Research Assistant in Archaeology, Loughborough University, England · Dr. Clive Ruggles, Lecturer in Computing, University of Leicester, England. The Stone Alignments of the Isle of Mull, Scotland.
Dr. Harold C. Mytum, Lecturer in Archaeology, University of York, England. Experimental Archaeology at Castell Henllys, Wales.
Dr. Nicholas Patricios, Professor of Architecture and Planning and Assistant Dean, University of Miami · Dr. Luis A. Darraidou, Professor of Architecture, University of Chile. Easter Island Ceremonial Complex Architecture, Chile.
Dominic Powlesland, Director, Heslerton Parish Archaeological Project, England. Heslerton Parish Project, England.
Dr. David Price Williams, Director of Antiquities, Kingdom of Swaziland and Field Director, Swaziland Archaeological Research Association. Excavations at Siphosa Cave: Microlithic Cultures of the Late Pleistocene and Holocene in Southeast Africa, Swaziland.
Francisco M. V. R. Queiroga, Researcher, Department of Archaeology, City Council of Vila Nova de Famalicao, Portugal. The Iron Age Hillforts of North Portugal.
Dr. Marcus L. Rautman, Assistant Professor of Art History and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia · Dr. Murray C. McClellan, Research Associate, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. The Kalavasos-Kopetra Project, Cyprus.
Dr. Christopher Raven, Director of Research, Great Basin Foundation, California. The Panamint Project, Part 12: The Geography of Ancient Ceremony, California.
Dr. Christopher M. Stevenson, Senior Research Archaeologist and Director, Obsidian Dating Laboratory, New Mexico State University. The Excavation of Easter Island Residential Sites, Chile.
Dr. William H. Waldren, Research Fellow, Oxford University and Director, Deya Archaeological Museum and Research Center, Spain. Prehistoric Man of Majorca, Spain.
Dr. Peter S. Wells, Professor of Anthropology and Director, Center for Ancient Studies, University of Minnesota. Origins of Europe's First Cities, West Germany.
Dr. Michael R. Werner, Associate Professor and Chairman of Classics, State University of New York at Albany. The Effects of Roman Colonialism in the Mt. Kosmaj Region, Yugoslavia.
Dr. Peter C. Woodman, Professor and Chairman, Archaeology Department, University College Cork, Ireland. Excavation of Coastal Stone Age Settlements, Ireland.
Dr. Marek Zvelebil, Reader in Prehistory, University of Sheffield, England · Dr. Stanton W. Green, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of South Carolina · Dr. James A. Moore, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Queen's College, City University of New York. Early Irish Prehistory: The Transition from Foraging to Farming, Ireland.
Hal Box, Dean, School of Architecture, University of Texas at Austin · E. Logan Wagner, Research Scholar, School of Architecture (same institution). Mexican Art of Building, Mexico.
Jane Strausbaugh, Partner, Video Makers Inc., Maryland · Tom Munnelly, Lecturer, University College of Dublin and Director, Willie Clancey School of Music, Ireland. Music of Ireland.
Dr. Alain Froment, Epidemiologist and Bioanthropologist, Office for Scientific & Technical Research Overseas (ORSTOM), France; and Scientist, Center for Nutrition, Cameroon Ministry of Research · Dr. Igor De Garine, Director of Research, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), France. Nutritional Strategies and Health Among Traditional Societies of Northern Cameroon.
Dr. Prisca N. Nemapare, Assistant Professor of Foods and Nutrition, Ohio University. A Mother and Child Nutritional Status, Follow-up for Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe.
Dr. Gary W. Barrett, Distinguished Professor of Ecology and Co-Director, The Ecology Research Center, Miami University · Dr. Douglas H. Taylor, Professor of Zoology and Co-Director, Ecology Research Center (same institution) · Dr. Lawrence Kapustka, Professor of Botany (same institution). Ecological Approaches to Sewage Waste Disposal and Agroecosystem Ecology, Ohio.
Dr. Roland Bergman, Associate Professor of Geography, Shepherd College. High Altitude Indian Traditional Agriculture in the Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru.
Dr. Vasantha Chase, Economic Anthropologist, Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute. Agricultural Production, Consumption and Nutrition in Farming Systems Research, Antigua, Montserrat, Grenada.
Dr. Richard H. Chesher, Vice President, Marine Research Foundation, Florida. Biological Impact of Giant Clam Circles in Tonga, South Pacific.
Dr. David L. Miller, Associate Professor of Geography, State University of New York at Cortland. Spiny Lobster Resource Preservation in the Biosphere Reserve Sian Ka'an, Mexico.