The Center for Field Research (CFR) reviews and recommends proposals for support by Earthwatch Institute . Earthwatch Institute sponsors field studies worldwide by scholars working to investigate and/or conserve the Earth's physical, biological, and cultural heritage. Interested scholars should submit to CFR a two-page description of planned research and field methods including dates, budget, and plans for the use of Earthwatch Institute volunteers as field assistants. If funding for the proposed research is deemed appropriate, a more detailed full proposal will be invited for peer review. Earthwatch Institute and The Center for Field Research are not-for-profit organizations. The 1989 program was distributed as follows among the Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. We are pleased to announce that the following projects were approved for Earthwatch Institute support in fiscal year 1989.
Dr. Mark D. Bertness, Associate Professor, Section of Population and Genetics, Brown University · Dr. Aaron M. Ellison, Research Associate, Section of Ecology and Systematics, Cornell University · Dr. Irving A. Mendelssohn, Associate Professor of Marine Sciences, Louisiana State University. An Experimental Study of Interactions Between Mangrove Trees and their Intimately Associated Epifauna, Placencia Point, Belize.
Dr. Boguslaw Bobek, Associate Professor, Institute of Environmental Biology, Jagiellonian University, Poland. Mutual Relationships Between Wolves and Deer, Bieszczady Mountains, Poland.
Dr. David C. Christophel, Senior Lecturer in Botany, University of Adelaide, Australia. Mapping the Living Australian Rain Forest, Queensland.
Dr. Gillian Cooper-Driver, Associate Professor of Biological Sciences, Boston University · Cary Dustin, Doctoral Candidate (same institution). Chemical Defenses in Hay-scented Ferns in the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
Dr. David Malcolm Harper, Lecturer in Ecology, University of Leicester, England · Dr. Mucai Muchiri, Senior Fisheries Officer, Kenya Department of Fisheries. Ecology and Conservation of Lake Naivasha, Kenya.
Dr. David W. Inouye, Director, Mountain Research Station, University of Colorado. Rocky Mountain Plants and Pollinators, Colorado.
Wlodzimierz Jedrzejewski, Research Assistant, Mammals Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences. Competition and Coexistence in a Predator Community, Bialowieza National Park, Poland.
Dr. Douglas Levey, Assistant Professor of Zoology, University of Florida. Seed Dispersal by Birds and Ants in a Tropical Rain Forest, Costa Rica.
Dr. William J. McShea, Research Associate, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution · Georg M. Schwede, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Biology, University of Bielefeld, West Germany. The Ecology of Forest Herbivores in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia.
Dr. Larry J. Orsak, Entomologist, Scientific Methods, Inc., California. The Evolution of Insect Defenses in a Tropical Habitat, Papua New Guinea.
Dr. Denis A. Saunders, Principal Research Scientist, CSIRO, Australia · Dr. Graham W. Arnold, Senior Principal Research Scientist (same institution). Ecology of Kangaroos, Echidnas and Birds in the Western Australian Wheatbelt.
Dr. Charles W. Slaughter, Principal Watershed Scientist, Institute of Northern Forestry, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Permafrost Environment Watershed Systems and Resource Management Practices in Alaska's Taiga.
Dr. Michael E. Soulé, Adjunct Professor of Natural Resources, University of Michigan · Dr. Lynn Maguire, Assistant Professor of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Duke University. Long-term Ecological Studies of the Subalpine Meadow Ecosystems, Colorado.
Inventory and Monitoring
Dr. Roger L. Kitching, Professor of Ecosystem Management, University of New England, Australia · Dr. Margaret Lowman, Honorary Research Fellow (same institution). Insects and their Impact in the Subtropical Rain Forests of Australia.
Prof. Palmer Newbould, Emeritus Professor of Botany, University of Ulster, U.K. · Senhor Juan Mayol Serra, Conservation Director of La Albufera for SECONA, Spain · Dr. F. B. Goldsmith, Lecturer in Botany and Microbiology, University College, London. Biodiversity of Wetlands at La Albufera, Majorca, Spain.
Dr. David A. Nickle, Research Entomologist, Systematic Entomology Laboratory, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution · Dr. James L. Castner, Research Associate in Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida. Katydids of the Peruvian Amazon Basin.
Kenneth C. Balcomb, Research Biologist, Center for Whale Research, Washington. Long-term Studies of Killer Whale (Orcinus Orca) Pods in Puget Sound, Washington.
Adam Frankel, Field Director, Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Laboratory, University of Hawaii at Manoa · Dr. Louis M. Herman, Director and Professor (same institution). A Study of Humpback Whales' Responses to Sound Playback, Hawaii.
Dr. Louis M. Herman, Director, Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Laboratory and Professor of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Language Comprehension in Bottlenose Dolphins, Hawaii.
Dr. Kenneth S. Norris, Professor of Natural History, University of California at Santa Cruz · Dr. Daniel P. Costa, Associate Research Biologist and Adjunct Associate Professor of Biology, The Regents of the University of California · Dr. Ronald J. Schusterman, Professor of Biology and Psychology, California State University · Dr. Randall S. Wells, Vice President of Research, Dolphin Biology Research Associates, Inc., Florida. Research in Marine Mammal Behavior and Physiology, California.
M. Michael Poole, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Biology, University of California at Santa Cruz. The Behavioral Ecology of Tahitian Spinner Dolphins, Fench Polynesia.
Jorge Urban, Researcher-Professor, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California Sur · Kenneth C. Balcomb, Director, Center for Whale Research, Washington. Humpback Whales of Baja California.
Dr. Randall S. Wells, Vice President of Research, Dolphin Biology Research Associates, Inc., University of California at Santa Cruz. Population Boiology and Behavior of Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins, Florida.
Dr. David B. Croft, Senior Lecturer in Zoology, University of New South Wales, Australia. Behavioural Ecology of Arid Zone Kangaroos, Australia.
Dr. Biruté M. F. Galdikas, Director and Founder, Orangutan Research and Conservation Center, Indonesia. Long-term Research on Wild Orangutans at Tanjung Puting National Park, Indonesia.
Dr. Kenneth E. Glander, Chairman, Department of Anthropology, Duke University · Dr. Margaret E. Clarke, Delta Regional Primate Center, Tulane University. Howling Monkeys: A Long-term Study of Ecology and Behavior, Costa Rica.
Daniel J. Groebner, Educational Coordinator, International Wolf Center, Minnesota · Dr. William L. Robinson, Professor of Biology, Northern Michigan University. Movement Patterns, Home Range Use, and Spontaneous Howling Rates in Minnesota Timber Wolves.
Dr. John T. Hogg, Research Associate, Craighead Wildlife-Wildlands Institute, Montana. Conservation of Genetic Resources in Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep, Wyoming.
Dr. G. Roy Horst, Associate Professor of Biology, State University of New York at Potsdam. High Altitude Physiology of Mongoose on Hawaii.
Dr. John W. Laundré, Visiting Assistant Professor of Biology, Idaho State University · Dr. Donald P. Streubel, Professor of Biology (same institution). Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation of Mountain Lions in Fragmented Habitat, Idaho.
Dr. Rolf O. Peterson, Professor of Wildlife Ecology, Michigan Technological University. Moose-Wolf Ecology on Isle Royale, Michigan.
Dr. Roger A. Powell, Associate Professor of Zoology, North Carolina State University. Black Bear Social Organization in the Southern Appalachian Mountins: Territoriality and Habitat Productivity, North Carolina.
Dr. Roger S. Seymour, Professor of Zoology, University of Adelaide, Australia · Dr. Peggy Rismiller (same institution). Reproductive Behavior and Physiology of Echidnas, Australia.
Dr. James L. David Smith, Assistant Professor of Fisheries and Wildlife, University of Minnesota. A Survey of Small Carnivores in Nepal.
Dr. Robert G. White, Professor of Zoophysiology and Nutrition, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska. Nutritional Effects on Lactation, Nursing Behavior and Breeding Success of Muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus), Alaska.
Dr. Katherine E. Wynne-Edwards, Assistant Professor, University of Kansas Medical Center · Dr. Alexei V. Surov, Institute of Animal Evolution, Morphology, and Ecology, Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia. Monogamy and Physiology - Social Organization in Two Species of Siberian Dwarf Hamsters, Russia.
Robert L. Brandner, Co-Director, Field Operations, St. Croix Leatherback Recovery Team, U.S.V.I. Department of Fish & Wildlife · Susan J. Basford, Co-Director, Field Operations, St. Croix Leatherback Recovery Team (same institution) · Ralf Boulon, Endangered Species Coordinator, U.S.V.I. Division of Fish & Wildlife. Breeding Biology of the Leatherback Sea Turtle, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Dr. Richard H. Chesher, Vice President, Marine Research Foundation, Florida. Biological Impact of Giant Clam Circles in Tonga, South Pacific.
Dr. William F. Herrnkind, Professor of Biological Sciences, Florida State University. Spiny Lobster Recruitment in the Florida Keys.
Dr. Mark Hixon, Assistant Professor of Zoology and Oceanography, Oregon State Universituy · David J. Booth, Doctoral Candidate (same institution). Determinants of Territory Areas in Coral-Reef Damselfish, Hawaii.
John F. Morrissey, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Marine Science, University of Miami, Florida · Dr. Samuel H. Gruber, Professor, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmoshpheric Science, University of Miami. A Telemetric Study of the Behavior of the Lemon Shark in Bimini Lagoon, Bahamas.
Dr. Douglas Y. Shapiro, Professor of Marine Sciences, University of Puerto Rico. Determinants of Social Group Size of a Coral Reef Fish, Israel.
Teresa Tallevast, Doctoral Candidate, University of Florida · Dr. Jaime A. Collazo, Refuge Biologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Puerto Rico. Endangered Caribbean Turtles, Puerto Rico.
James L. Van Tassell, Field Associate, Department of Ichthyology, American Museum of Natural History · Dr. Stephen A. Bortone, Professor of Biology, University of West Florida · Dr. Alberto Brito Hernandez, Professor of Marine Sciences, University of La Laguna, Spain. Fishes of the Canary Islands: Quantitative Habitat Study.
Dr. Julio Zurita, Coordinator of Sea Turtle Research, Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, Mexico. Conservation and Study of Sea Turtles in Qunitana Roo Province, Mexico.
William W. Bowerman IV, Doctoral Candidate, University of Michigan · Dr. Teryl G. Grubb, Research Wildlife Assistant, USDA-Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Arizona. Bald Eagle Ecology and Aquatic Ecosystems at Seyney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan.
Dr. Robert W. Furness, Senior Lecturer in Zoology, Glasgow University, Scotland · Keith Hamer, Research Fellow (same institution) · Nick Klomp, Research Fellow (same institution). Shetland Seabirds: Competition with Fisheries?, Scotland.
Adam Gretton, Assistant Programme Director, International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge · Jasmina Musinic, Scientific Assistant, Institute of Ornithology, Academy of Sciences and Art, Yugoslavia · Dr. V. Goutner, Lecturer in Zoology, University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Conservation of the Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris and its Habitat, Greece and Yugoslavia.
Dr. David B. McDonald, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Zoology, University of Florida. Ritual Courtship: Male-Male Cooperation in a Lekking Manakin, Costa Rica.
Dr. Ian G. McLean, Senior Lecturer in Zoology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. Community Structure of New Zealand Forest Birds.
Dr. David C. Paton, Senior Teaching Fellow in Zoology, University of Adelaide, Australia. Pollination by Birds in South Australia.
Pilai Poonswad, Lecturer in Microbiology, Mahidol University, Thailand · Atsuo Tsuji, Lecturer in Mathematics, Miejo University, Japan. The Ecology of Hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae) in Central Thailand.
Dr. Martin D. Williams, Ornithologist, Freelance Writer, Editor and Photographer · Prof. Hsu Weishu, Associate Professor, Beijing Natural History Museum, China. Autumn Bird Migration at Beidaihe in China.
Dr. Theodore C. Loder III, Associate Professor of Earth Sciences, University of New Hampshire · James A. Love, Senior Graduate Researcher, University of Maryland · Dr. Björn Ganning, Professor of Ecological Zoology, University of Stockholm. Photo-period Effects on Rock/tide Pool Ecology in Northern Temperate Marine Coastal Environments, Sweden and Norway.
Dr. Roger Mitchell, Head, Marine Science Branch, Nature Conservancy Council, England · Teresa Bennett, Marine Ecologist, Nature Conservancy Council, England · Colleen Burgoyne, Associate Coastwatch Coordinator, England · Tom Mercer, Coastwatch Associate, Nature Conservancy Council, England. A Comprehensive Survey of Coastal Habitats and Human Impacts, Northwest Scotland.
Dr. Geoff C. Brown, Professor of Earth Sciences, The Open University, England · Dr. Hazel Rymer, Research Fellow in Earth Sciences (same institution). Physical Volcanology of Krafla, Breiddalur and Torfajokull Volcanoes, Iceland.
Dr. David R. Kobluk, Associate Professor of Geology, University of Toronto. Ecology and Geology of Shallow Water Reef Cavities, Fiji; and Coral Reef Population Census, Population Dynamics, and Interactive Coral Reef Simulation Modeling, Netherlands Antilles.
Dr. William G. Melson, Curator, Division of Petrology and Volcanology, Smithsonian Institution · Dr. Victoria A. Funk, Curator, Department of Botany (same institution). Volcanology and Birth of a Tropical Forest: Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica.
Dr. Hazel Rymer, Research Fellow, The Open University, England · Dr. Geoff C. Brown, Professor of Earth Sciences (same institution). Physical Volcanology and Geothermal Steam Field Monitoring in Cost Rica.
Dr. James G. Schmitt, Associate Professor of Geology, Montana State University. Dendro-geomorphology of Debris Flows on Alluvial Fans, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming.
Dr. Aharon V. Arakel, Lecturer in Sedimentology and Petroleum Geology and Director of the Applied Sedimentology and Environmental Geology Research Unit, Queensland Institute of Technology. Evolution of Playa Lakes in Central Australian Groundwater Discharge Zone: Relevance to Dryland Salting in Australia.
Dr. Martin J. Sharp, Assistant Lecturer in Geography, University of Cambridge · Dr. Keith S. Richards, Lecturer in Geography (same institution). Integrated Study of Glacier Hydrology and Sediment Transport, Switzerland.
Dr. Thomas C. Royer, Professor of Marine Science, University of Alaska. Gulf of Alaska Recirculation Study, Alaska.
Dr. Larry D. Agenbroad, Professor of Geology, Northern Arizona University. Excavations at the Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota.
Austin E. Boyd, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Paleobotany, University of Aarhus, Denmark. The Late Cretaceous Pautut Flora from West Greenland.
Dr. David C. Christophel, Senior Lecturer in Botany, University of Adelaide, Australia. Three-dimensional Mapping of Fossil Leaf Deposits, Southern Australia.
Dr. George F. Engelmann, Associate Professor of Geology, University of Nebraska · Daniel J. Chure, Park Paleontologist, U.S. Park Service, Dinosaur National Monument, Utah. Small Fossil Vertebrates from the Jurassic Morrison Formation of Dinosaur National Monument, Utah.
Dr. Rhodes W. Fairbridge, Professor Emeritus of Geology, Columbia University. Paleoclimate Studies in Norwegian Lapland.
Dr. Richard Lund, Professor of Biology, Adelphi University. Fossil Fishes of the Bear Gulch Limestone, Mississippian of Montana.
Dr. James B. McGraw, Associate Professor of Biology, West Virginia University · Milan C. Vavrek, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Biology (same institution) · Cynthia Bennington, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Biology (same institution). Excavation of Ancient, Buried Viable Seeds of the Arctic Tundra, Alaska.
Dr. Thomas H. Rich, Curator of Paleontology, Museum of Victoria · Dr. Patricia V. Rich, Senior Lecturer in Earth Sciences and Zoology, Monash University, Australia. Mesozoic Fossil Vertebrates of Dinosaur Cove, Australia.
Dr. J. Keith Rigby, Jr., Assistant Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Notre Dame. The Last of the North American Dinosaurs, Montana.
Dr. E. Charles Adams, Associate Curator of Archaeology and Director, Homol'ovi Research Program, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona · Richard C. Lange (same institution). Immigration and Aggregation: The Dynamics and the Settlement of Homol'ovi IV and the Central Little Colorado River Valley, Arizona, A.D. 1250-1400.
Dr. Noel T. Boaz, Director, Virginia Museum of Natural History. Paleontological Excavation of the Pliocene Site of Senga 13B, Zaire.
Dr. Sheila Bonde, Assistant Professor, Program in the History of Art and Architecture, Brown University · Dr. Clark Maines, Professor of Art History and Medieval Studies, Wesleyan University. Reconstructing the Abbey of Saint-Jean-des-Vignes, Soissons, France.
Dr. Robson Bonnichsen, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Director, Center for the Study of First Americans, University of Maine · Dr. Mort D. Turner, Institute of Alpine and Arctic Research, Boulder. Ice Age Peoples of Southwestern Montana.
Gayle F. Carlson, Curator of Anthropology, Nebraska State Historical Society. Archaeology of the 1874 Cavalry Barracks, Site of the Cheyenne Outbreak, Fort Robinson, Nebraska.
Dr. Paul L. Cleghorn, Leader of the Applied Research Group, Bishop Museum, Honolulu · Timothy Flynn, Curator of the Herbarium and Assistant Botanist, Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Kauai. An Archaeological and Botanical Survey of Hana, Maui, Hawaiian Islands.
Dr. John Collis, Reader in Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield, England. Excavation and Survey of Iron Age Sites in the Auvergne, France.
Dr. Gary W. Crawford, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Erindale College, University of Toronto, Canada · Prof. Masakazu Yoshizaki, Professor of Prehistory, Faculty of Literature, Hokkaido University, Japan. Ainu Origins and Early Ainu Agricultureal Systems, Japan.
Dr. Josephine Flood, Assistant Director, Australian Heritage Commission. The Lightening Brothers Project: Rock Art and Archaeology of the Wardaman People, Australia.
Lenore Gallin, Doctoral Candidate, University of California at Los Angeles. Nuraghi Towers of Prehistoric Sardinia, Italy.
Dr. John H. Humphrey, Professor of Classical Studies, University of Michigan · Dr. Susan T. Stevens, Assistant Professor of Classics, Indiana University · Dr. Mark B. Garrison, Assistant Professor of Art History, University of Virginia. A Late Roman Cemetery at Carthage, Tunisia.
Dr. E. Ann F. Kendall, Research Associate, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, England. Patacancha Archaeological Project, Perú.
Dr. Hiro Kurashina, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam · Dr. Rebecca A. Stephenson, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Guam. Mapping and Stabilizing Ancient Polynesian Monuments, Rarotonga, Cook Islands.
Dr. Roger Martlew, Research Associate in Archaeology, Leicester University, England. The Glengorm Standing Stones, Scotland.
Dr. Heather I. McKillop, Research Associate in Anthropology, Trent University, Canada · Lawrence J. Jackson, Director, Northeastern Archaeological Associates, Ontario. Traders of the Maya Coast: Maya Maritime Adaptations, Wild Cane Cay.
Dr. Sarah M. Nelson, Professor and Chair, Department of Anthropology, University of Denver. Environment and Adaption in the Korean Neolithic: The Origins of Plant Cultivation in Korea.
Dr. William F. O'Brien, Lecturer in Archaeology, University College, Cork, Ireland. Prehistoric Miners and Megalith-Builders of Southwest Ireland.
Dominic Powlesland, Director, Heslerton Parish Archaeological Project, England · Christine Haughton, Assistant Director (same institution). Heslerton Parish Project, England.
Francisco M. V. R. Queiroga, Head, Department of Archaeology, City Council of Vila Nova de Famalicao, Portugal, and Oxford University, England. The Iron Age Hillforts of North Portugal.
Dr. Marcus L. Rautman, Assistant Professor of Art History and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia · Dr. Murray C. McClellan, Research Associate, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. The Kalavasos-Kopetra Project, Cyprus.
Calogero M. Santoro, Archaeologist, University of Tarapacá, Chile · Dr. Marvin J. Allison, Emeritus Professor of Pathology, Medical College of Virginia. Reconstructing of South Central Andean Prehistory, Chile.
Dr. Daniel Schávelzon, Facultad de Arquitectura, Instituto de Arte Americano, University of Buenos Aires. Spotting the Remains of the First Buenos Aires (1536-1541).
Dr. Harry J. Shafer, Professor of Anthropology, Texas A&M University. The Archaeology of Mimbres Culture, NAN Ranch, New Mexico.
Dr. Alan H. Simmons, Assistant Research Professor, Desert Research Institute, University of Nevada · Dr. Gary Rollefson, Professor of Anthropology, San Diego State University. Interdisciplinary Archaeological Investigations at Neolithic 'Ain Ghazal and Wadi Shu'eib, Central Jordan.
Dr. Christopher M. Stevenson, Senior Research Archaeologist, The Archaeological and Historical Consultants, Inc., Pennsylvania. The Excavation of Easter Island Residential Sites, Chile.
Dr. William H. Waldren, Research Fellow, Oxford University and Director, Deya Archaeological Museum and Research Center, Spain. Prehistoric Man of Majorca, Spain.
Dr. Gary Rex Walters, Director, Triad Research Services, Inc., Missouri. Maya Ceremonial Caves, Belize.
Dr. Marek Zvelebil, Junior Lecturer in Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield, England · Dr. Stanton W. Green, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of South Carolina. Ancient Settlers of Waterford, Ireland.
Ron Edwards, President, Australian Folklore Society. Australian Traditional Bush Craft and Folklore Survey, Queensland.
Lynn A. Meisch, Vice President, Fundación Jatari (Perú), Andean Education and Research · Laura Miller, School of Medicine, University of Maryland. Weaving and Costume in Central Ecuador: Research for an Exhibition and Catalog at the Textile Museum in Washington, DC.
E. Logan Wagner, Research Scholar, School of Architecture, University of Texas at Austin · Hal Box, Dean, School of Architecture (same institution). Architectural Heritage of Contact-period Mexico.
Dr. Alain Froment, Epidemiologist and Bioanthropologist, Office for Scientific & Technical Research Overseas, France; and Scientist, Center for Nutrition, Cameroon Ministry of Research · Dr. Igor De Garine, Director of Research, National Center for Scientific Research, France. Nutritional Strategies and Health Among Traditional Societies of Northern Cameroon.
Dr. Prisca N. Nemapare, Associate Professor, School of Economics, Ohio University. Maternal Nutrition/Child Health: A Nutrition Education Pilot Study and Growth Monitoring of Children and Maternal Nutrition Status Followup, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe.
Dr. Mathura P. Shrestha, Chairman, Department of Community Medicine and Professor of Community Medicine, Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine, Nepal · Sarah B. Degnan, Associate Director for International Programs, Boston University School of Public Health and Health Policy Institute · Dr. Yogendra P. Pradhananga, Lecturer in Public Health, Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine · Catherine J. Schlager, Assistant Director for Program Management, Office of Special Projects, School of Public Health, Boston University. Safe Motherhood in the Annapurna Foothills: A Public Health Survey, Nepal.
Dr. Ilene M. Kaplan, Director of Marine Studies and Associate Professor of Sociology, Union College · Dr. Barabara C. Boyer, Associate Professor of Biology (same institution). Socio-economic and Biological Development in the Environment: An Examination of the Commercial Fishing Industry and the Collection of Non-commercial Species, Massachusetts.
Dr. David L. Miller, Associate Professor of Geography, State University of New York at Cortland · Dr. Tomas Camerena, Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, Mexico · Eloy Sousa, Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, Mexico. Spiny Lobster Resource Preservation in the Biosphere Reserve Sian Ka'an, Mexico.